Understanding Brain Tumours: Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment

A brain tumour is a growth of abnormal cells in the brain that can disrupt normal brain function. Tumours can either be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), and they can develop in different areas of the brain.

Symptoms of a brain tumour depend on the location and size of the tumour. Common symptoms include headaches, seizures, vision problems, changes in behaviour or personality, memory problems, difficulty speaking or understanding language, and loss of balance or coordination. However, these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so a proper diagnosis is necessary.

Diagnosing a brain tumour typically involves imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans. A biopsy may also be necessary to determine the type of tumour and to guide treatment decisions.Thanks to technological breakthroughs such as endoscopy and neuronavigation, the accuracy of diagnosis has significantly improved, leading to higher chances of survival.

Treatment for brain tumours depends on the type and location of the tumour, as well as the patient's overall health. Surgery is often the first step in treating brain tumours, with the goal of removing as much of the tumour as possible without causing damage to surrounding brain tissue. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may also be used to destroy cancerous cells and slow tumour growth.

While treatments for brain tumours have improved in recent years, the prognosis for patients with malignant brain tumours remains poor. Survival rates vary depending on the type and stage of the tumour, as well as the patient's age and overall health. However, even benign tumours can cause significant damage if they grow in a critical area of the brain.

Preventing brain tumours is difficult, as the causes of most brain tumours are unknown. However, there are some risk factors that have been identified. Exposure to ionizing radiation, such as radiation therapy for other cancers, is a known risk factor for brain tumours. In addition, some genetic conditions increase the risk of developing brain tumours.

In addition to medical treatments, patients with brain tumours may benefit from support services such as counselling, support groups, and rehabilitation therapy. These services can help patients and their families cope with the emotional and physical challenges of living with a brain tumour.

In conclusion, brain tumours are a serious medical condition that can have a significant impact on a patient's quality of life. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are important for improving outcomes, but even with treatment, the prognosis for patients with malignant brain tumours is often poor. Patients with brain tumours and their families can benefit from support services that can help them cope with the challenges of living with this condition.

Dr. Dinesh Rattnani
Additional Director
Department of Neurosurgery, Neuro Critical Care & Spine Surgery
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