Kidney Stone


Urine contains many dissolved salts and minerals. If your urine includes a lot of these substances and salts, stones may form. Kidney stones begin small and grow over time, eventually filling the kidney's empty interior. Some kidney stones remain there and may not create any issues. The tube connecting the kidney to the bladder is called the ureter and kidney stones can occasionally pass through it. If the stone enters the bladder, urine can remove it from the body. When a kidney stone lodges in the ureter, it limits the kidney's ability to excrete urine and hurts.


Finding out why you acquire stones is a necessary step in stone prevention. To determine the cause of this, your doctor will do tests on you. Your healthcare professional will provide you advice on how to prevent stones from recurring after learning the cause of your condition.


The kidneys, which are around the size of your fist, regulate the body's chemical and fluid balance. One kidney is located on either side of the spine, behind the liver, stomach, pancreas, and intestines, in the majority of people. Clean, functioning kidneys eliminate waste from the blood through urine. They regulate the blood's salt, potassium, and calcium levels.

The kidneys, ureters, and bladder make the urinary tract. Urine is produced, moved, and stored within the body through the urinary tract. The kidneys use water and waste from your body to produce urine. The pee next passes via the ureters and is stored in the bladder. Your body excretes urine through the urethra.

In the kidney, stones can develop. Some kidney stones transfer to the ureter. The tubes known as ureters connect the kidneys to the bladder. A stone is referred to as a ureteral stone if it exits the kidney and becomes lodged in the ureter.


Sharp, cramping back and side pain are typical signs of kidney stones. The lower abdomen or grain is frequently affected by this discomfort. The pain frequently comes in waves and begins quickly. It might appear and disappear as the body attempts to remove the stone.

Other indicators of a kidney stone include a strong urge to urinate.

  • Constant need to urinate or a burning sensation when doing so.
  • Blood-related dark or red urine. Red blood cells can occasionally be seen in urine in very minute numbers that are invisible to the human eye.
  • Vomiting and nauseous.
Dr. Amit K Devra
Coordinator Kidney Transplant Programme, Department of Urology & Kidney Transplant
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