Know About Oral Cancer

There are many reasons why a mouth sore might develop. It may result from food sensitivities, nutritional deficiencies, or an allergic reaction to specific bacteria in your mouth. However, if the signs and symptoms persist or worsen, it may be a sign of something more serious and life-threatening, like mouth cancer.

What exactly is oral cancer?

Cancer of the mouth is also known as oral cancer or mouth cancer. It happens as a result of uncontrolled cell growth or mutation on the lips or in the mouth. The cancer starts in the thin, flat cells that line your lips and the inside of your mouth. The healthy body explains that these are known as squamous cells, and small changes to their DNA cause abnormal cell growth.

,b>Areas of the mouth that may be impacted

In a mouth cancer tumor appears on the tongue, mouth, lips, or gums. The pharynx, or the area of the throat between your mouth and your windpipe, can also develop it, but this is less common, according to the World Health Organization. It can also affect your tonsils, salivary glands, and the pharynx.

Symptoms of oral cancer could be:

  • Scratches that hurt and take weeks to heal.
  • Persistent lumps in the neck or mouth those are unexplained and unpleasant.
  • After extractions, unexplained loose teeth or sockets that do not heal.
  • A persistent, unexplained numbness or strange sensation on the tongue or lips.
  • White or red patches on the tongue or mouth lining may very rarely develop.
  • Modifications to speech or a lisp.

Reasons for seeking medical attention

If you have a toothache or a mouth sore, you might be misdiagnosed with mouth cancer or another benign condition. Nevertheless, it is best to see a doctor to have your symptoms checked out. Early detection can increase your chance of survival from 50% to 90%.

Oral cancer is increasingly being caused by chronic gum or cheek irritation from ill-fitting dentures, fixed crowns or bridges, or sharp tooth corners. Do not ignore such recurring injuries or cheek bites; see your dentist immediately to address these problems.

The best way to lower the risk

It is advised to abstain from all forms of tobacco use, including chewing and smoking, as well as limiting alcohol intake. Apply lip moisturiser with SPF in order to protect the lips from harmful sunrays. A routine dental exam should also be scheduled, according to the advice of a dentist.

Dr. Praveen Kumar
Associate Director
Department of Dental Surgery
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