Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

What is reflux?

This illness is known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Heartburn or acid reflux is other names for it. Reflux happens when the stomach's content (meals and liquids) moves up into your throat (esophagus). It can happen to anyone, including infants.

Reflux can cause a number of symptoms, including:

  • A burning sensation in the centre of the chest, behind the sternum, or towards the back of the throat (breastbone)
  • Your mouth has an acidic flavour.
  • A dry cough, asthma, and swallowing issues (these may occur without the burning sensation)
  • Excessive salivation and a persistent sore throat

What causes reflux?

A weak muscle at the point where your neck attaches to your stomach and causes reflux. Because the muscle doesn't close completely, acid can back up into your throat. If you smoke, take certain medications, are pregnant, or are overweight, you may be more prone to reflux.

Can reflux be prevented or avoided?

You can alter several aspects of your lifestyle to lessen or get rid of reflux, including:

  • Avoiding foods that are known to cause GERD, such as chocolate, coffee, peppermints, greasy, spicy, and acidic foods.
  • Refraining from drinking excessive alcohol.
  • Eating in moderation.
  • Losing weight.
  • Avoid wearing tight clothing.

Having reflux disease

If reflux is not addressed, life can be terrible. Planning ahead and being aware of your reflux triggers can be helpful. Make dietary and lifestyle adjustments that will enhance your quality of life. For instance, avoid eating late if you know that eating before bedtime causes reflux. Daily exercises are must. You can try antacid also. If symptoms persist vist your doctor

Plan to take over-the-counter medication to address GERD symptoms if you are unable to avoid a trigger. Visit your doctor if none of these remedies have worked for you.

Dr. Manik Sharma
Department of Gastroenterology
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