What are causes of parkinson disease, symptoms which people must notice and visit a doctor?

Parkinson’s disease is a central nervous system disorder in which the brain region that controls our movement deteriorates over time. This neural deterioration results in decreased dopamine level which is a brain chemical that controls coordinated movement. Dopamine plays a crucial role in a variety of mental and physical functions, such as:

  • Voluntary movement
  • Cognition
  • Mood
  • Memory
  • General behaviour
Early Signs of Parkinson's disease
  • Tremor
  • Small or shaky handwriting
  • Loss of smell
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Trouble in moving or walking
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Stooping or Hunching Over
Any specific age group which is most vulnerable?

Chances of developing Parkinson’s disease generally increases with advancing age (mostly 60 and above). Most commonly, this condition exhibits itself after the age of 50-55 yrs. However in some rare cases, it can affect people of younger age group as well.

What are the preventive measures?

Although it’s not fully understood what causes the dip in dopamine level. PD can be controlled with treatment in the early stages. However, we know that aging is the single most important risk factor with inflammation and stress contributing to cell damage. Some ways to prevent Parkinson’s disease are:

  • Eat fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Vitamin D3
  • Exercise 5 days a week for 45mins
  • Reduce stress
Is Parkinson’s disease curable? Can it also be fatal in certain cases?

PD is not fata since the condition in itself does not cause death. However, some complications that arise from Parkinson’s disease like infections and falls can be lethal.

Treatments and some lifestyle changes can help people manage their symptoms and reduce their risk of complications. Due to modern treatments and healthcare services, most people living with Parkinson’s disease now live as long, or almost as long, as those without this condition.

Dr. K.M. Hassan
Department of Neurology
Book an Appointment