Do You Know What Is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is second most common cancer in men. In men, prostate, a walnut-sized gland, surrounds the urethra or tube that conducts urine from the bladder, slightly below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The role of prostateis to make semen fluid.

Many men may not notice any symptoms before prostate cancer becomes a serious concern because of its slow growth. However, a lot of prostate cancers are more dangerous and can extend outside the prostate gland because they are more aggressive. Early detection and individualised therapy significantly increase the prostate cancer survivability rate.


Major screening method for early detection of prostate cancer are periodic prostate examination and PSA test. When should men begin getting examined for prostate cancer may vary depending on whether guys are at a higher risk than others. With age, the risk rises, especially after age 50. Among the risk elements are:

  • Having a family history of prostate cancer raises the chance, especially if it occurs in a father or brother who was diagnosed when they were younger.
  • There may be an inherited risk (BRCA gene mutation) of developing prostate cancer if there is a family history of breast and ovarian cancer.
  • High-fat diet and/or obesity

    Prostate cancer typically has no symptoms. In rare instances, men with advanced prostate cancer may exhibit specific symptoms. However, it is best to talk to a doctor about them before drawing any conclusions because many men who do not have cancer also exhibit these symptoms. The inability to completely empty the bladder, blood in the urine, and bone discomfort/pain in pelvis or back is a few of these symptoms.


    There are no proven prostate cancer prevention methods. There is some ambiguous evidence that suggests a low-fat; high-vegetable diet may help lower your risk of developing prostate cancer. In order to maintain excellent health and generally prevent disease, a nutritious diet and regular exercise are also essential.

    Dr. Amit K Devra
    Coordinator Kidney Transplant Programme, Department of Urology & Kidney Transplant
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