What You Need To Know About Slipped Discs

A slipped disc is a common condition that affects the spine. It occurs when the soft, jelly-like material inside a spinal disc pushes through a tear in the outer layer and presses on the spinal nerves. This can cause pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in the affected area.

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of a slipped disc can vary depending on the location and severity of the condition. Some common signs and symptoms include:

  • Pain in the neck, back, or buttocks
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms, legs, or fingers
  • Muscle weakness in the affected area
  • Pain that gets worse when sitting or standing for long periods of time
  • Pain that gets worse with movement, bending, or twisting
  • Difficulty walking or standing up straight
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control (in severe cases)


There are several factors that can contribute to the development of a slipped disc. These include:

  • Age: As we get older, the spinal discs lose their flexibility and can become more prone to tearing or bulging.
  • Trauma: A sudden injury, such as a fall or car accident, can cause a slipped disc.
  • Repetitive motion: Repeatedly performing the same movement or motion can put strain on the spine and lead to a slipped disc.
  • Untrained sport activities and lifting weights: Engaging in untrained sports activities and improper weightlifting techniques can result in muscle and joint damage, as well as spinal injuries such as herniated discs.
  • Genetics: Some people may be born with a predisposition to developing a slipped disc.


Treatment for a slipped disc typically involves a combination of rest, medication, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. Your doctor may recommend:

  • Rest: Resting the affected area can help reduce inflammation and allow the disc to heal.
  • Pain medication: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help relieve pain and inflammation. Nerve and root blocks may be sometimes needed as day care procedure for relieving pain.
  • Physical therapy: Physical therapy can aid in muscle strengthening around the affected area, improve posture, and prevent future injury. It is a common pain management technique for slipped discs, alongside nerve block procedures.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the damaged disc or fuse the vertebrae together.


There are several steps you can take to prevent a slipped disc from occurring. These include:

  • Maintaining good posture: Sitting or standing up straight can help reduce strain on the spine.
  • Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help strengthen the muscles around the spine and reduce your risk of injury.
  • Lifting properly: When lifting heavy objects, be sure to bend at the knees and lift with your legs, rather than your back.
  • Avoiding repetitive motions: If your job requires you to perform the same motion repeatedly, be sure to take breaks and stretch regularly.
  • Prevent obesity and non-supervised gym or sports: To reduce the risk of a slipped disc, it is important to prevent obesity and avoid unsupervised gym or sports activities..

In conclusion, a slipped disc is a common condition that can cause pain and discomfort in the neck, back, or buttocks. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, trauma, and repetitive motion. Treatment for a slipped disc typically involves rest, medication, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. To prevent a slipped disc, it is important to maintain good posture, exercise regularly, lift properly, and avoid repetitive motions. If you suspect that you have a slipped disc, be sure to see your doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Dr.Rohan Sinha
Additional Director
Department of Neurosurgery & Spine Surgery
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