Lifestyle And Cancer

The rise of cancer has become a significant concern in the public health sector of developing nations, equal in impact to that in industrialized countries. In India, oral cancer is the leading form of cancer in men, while breast cancer affects women the most. The growing incidence of cancer can be attributed to the aging population, as well as the widespread prevalence of smoking and unhealthy lifestyle choices around the world, both in developing and developed nations.

Diet and Cancer

Some cancers can be caused by what we eat. Some of the most common cancers caused by diet include those of the mouth, throat, esophagus, lungs, stomach, large intestine, and sometimes breast cancer in women. Eating a lot of red chillies, high-temperature foods, and drinking too much alcohol increases the risk of stomach cancer. Eating large amounts of red meat can increase the risk of colon cancer, while white meat like poultry does not have the same risk.

To reduce the risk of oral cancer, it's recommended to eat a diet high in green and yellow vegetables. The best way to avoid mouth, throat, and lung cancer is to not use tobacco or alcohol.

Lifestyle and Cancer

Certain things are known to increase the chances of getting breast cancer. For example, starting periods early, having a baby after 30, having only one child, starting menopause late, and being obese or taking hormone replacement therapy after menopause. A high-fat diet is another risk factor.

On the other hand, exercising regularly and eating vegetables may lower the risk. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of breast cancer, and lack of certain vitamins can make the risk even higher. Being overweight after menopause and not getting regular pap smears can also raise the risk of breast and cervical cancer.

Hygiene and Cancer

Poor personal hygiene can lead to cervical cancer in women and penile cancer in men. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted virus that spreads through skin-to-skin contact during physical intimacy. If left untreated, persistent HPV infection can cause precancerous changes and increase the risk of developing cancer. The accumulation of oils, dead skin, and bacteria, known as smegma, under the foreskin can cause persistent infections and irritation that can lead to precancerous changes and the development of carcinoma. Hence, maintaining proper hygiene is crucial.

Physical Activity and Cancer

Physical activity not only contributes to overall health, but also has a positive impact on cancer risk. Engaging in physical activity is connected to a lower risk of colon and breast cancer. Other cancers that can be impacted include prostate, lung, and endometrial.

Dr.Ashish Goel
Department of Surgical Oncology
Book an Appointment