Is Blood Cancer Curable?

Blood cancer affects the production of blood cells. The cancer usually develops in the bone marrow, which is the centre point of blood production. Red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are the three different types of blood cells that are produced by the bone marrow's stem cells as they develop and grow. Blood cancer prevents the creation of blood cells and leads to their uncontrolled development. Adults and children are equally affected by Leukaemia that is the abnormal production of white blood cells by bone marrow.

How curable is blood cancer

The rate of curability is high when it comes to blood cancer. The right treatment and medication can ensure that most patients become completely cancer-free. Although blood cancers have a high cure rate, but it depends completely on the type of cancer a patient has, his/her age, and the stage of the diseases, which implies how aggressively the cancer has spread. The treatment option varies according to these factors. There are blood cancers like myeloma or chronic lymphocytic Leukaemia which can be effectively controlled so that patients live a normal, productive life for many years. The genomic factor also plays an important role in determining whether this form of blood cancer is curable or not.

Treatment options for blood cancer

The main aim is to eradicate or inactivate the functioning of cancer cells and to allow the growth of normal blood cells. Hence to attain the result, chemotherapy is being used. However, chemotherapy is an intensive treatment and requires the insertion of intravenous infusion. As the treatment is exhaustive, it might have some side effects and involves platelet or blood transfusion.

However, weak patients are recommended for gentle curative treatment and should only visit the best cancer hospital in Delhi NCR for best of the treatment and care.

  • Stem cell transplant:
  • In this treatment, the cure for the blood cancer may not be permanent because the relapse rate is high. Relapse signifies that the cancer might reappear in the future. This treatment is usually carried out after chemotherapy when the cancer is in control. Here, the doctor administers a high dose of chemotherapy, destroying any cancer cells that are either visible or not. The technique encourages the generation of fresh blood by using healthy donor's blood stem cells. The blood stem cells are taken from bone marrow, peripheral blood or even umbilical cord blood of new born.

  • Radiation therapy:
  • Radiation therapy helps to kill cancer cells for relieving the pain and discomfort. This treatment process generally comes before the stem transplant process of the cure.

    Dr. Satyaranjan Das
    Department of Hemato-Oncology & Bone Marrow Transplant
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