The Three C's And The Three P's Of First Aid

In an emergency situation, it may be challenging to think rationally. Before you find yourself in a stressful circumstance, prepare your mind so that you might potentially save a life or alleviate someone's suffering. Check, Call, and Care are the three basic Cs. The three Ps of first aid— Preserve Life, Prevent Deterioration and Promote Recovery —must always be kept in mind.

The Three C’s of Emergency

  • Check: This refers to looking for anything dangerous. Assistance can be required if there is danger all around the situation. Rushing into a situation without first considering any potential threats could do more harm to you or other people. You will need to ask for first aid if, for instance, a vehicle accident occurs in a busy place or if someone is trapped in a fire. Before entering the scene, inspect it. Take the way the scene changed. The victim's breathing should then be verified. You might need to administer specialized care, such as CPR.
  • Call: It's critical to get first aid from a specialist in an emergency. Check for victims' breaths and pulses and collect any other necessary information after inspecting the site. Give local authorities accurate information so they can get involved as soon as possible.
  • Care: Check the area and contact for assistance, and then give care until emergency personnel arrive. Watch the victims' breathing closely. You might need to do CPR or halt the bleeding. The first aid triage is circulation-airway-breathing.

The Three P’s of First aid

  • Preserve Life: The primary goal for any first responder in any scenario should be to preserve life. To save the victim's life, you might need to halt the bleeding, do CPR, or do anything else. Circulation, airway, and breathing (C-A-B) should come first. The victim's circulation should be assessed, and any necessary changes should be made. Make sure the sufferer is breathing and that nothing is blocking their airway. The intention is to stop the condition from getting any worse.
  • Prevent Deterioration: Do what you can to maintain the victim's health until medical personnel arrive. The intention is to stop the problem from getting worse and stop any potential future harm. This may entail transferring the sufferer to a safer area, administering first assistance, stabilizing them, or simply remaining nearby and comforting them.
  • Promote Recovery: After you've provided the best first aid care possible, it's time to encourage recovery. This can be accomplished by boosting self-esteem, offering solace, striving to ease pain, and other methods.

Depending on your particular circumstance, these first aid and emergency tips and methods may change. However, keeping in mind the fundamentals of what to do could save a life or spare you from more suffering. Before you find yourself in a scenario where it's difficult to think properly, be aware of these straightforward procedures.

Dr. Naveen Prakash Verma
Department of Emergency and Trauma
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